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Western Washington Clean Cities Strategies

Alternative Fuels


Western Washington Clean Cities' approach to developing alternative fuel markets recognizes that each of these alternative fuels is a viable option for achieving the goals of petroleum displacement and air pollution reduction, and that no one alternative serves all needs or vehicle applications.

 The role of the Coalition is to support the development of markets for those alternative fuel options that meet the needs of its members and stakeholders. This work includes assisting fleets with identifying the most appropriate choice for each vehicle application and facilitating the development of the associated refueling infrastructure. The use of alternative fuels in on-road applications will continue to receive significant attention, but the Coalition is currently expanding its efforts to increase the use of alternative fuels in non-road applications, such as marine, construction equipment, and generators, where appropriate. This expanded market will assist in creating greater demand and market efficiencies. Additionally, the use of alternative fuels in these non-road sources will likely provide significant air quality benefits due to current emissions standards which are not as stringent as those for on-road vehicles.

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Alternative Vehicles


Alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) as defined by the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct), include any dedicated, flexible-fuel, or dual-fuel vehicle designed to operate on at least one alternative fuel. In addition, advanced technology vehicles (ATVs) can help achieve the goals of decreased petroleum use and increased energy security. ATVs include hybrids, plug-in hybrids and fuel cell vehicles. A variety of vehicle models are available, including sedans, pickup trucks, sport utility vehicles, vans, shuttle buses, medium-duty vehicles (such as delivery trucks), heavy-duty buses, and heavy-duty trucks. AFVs can easily be used by individuals or in fleet applications. Incentives and grants are available to make them cost effective for both. 

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